Adopting a multiple choice discourse completion task MDCT as both the pre-test and post-test, the results confirmed the beneficial effect of listening-based teaching of apology speech act juxtaposed with consciousness-raising activities on the learners' pragmatic awareness. Besides, the context-external factor of gender yielded a significant impact on the way females and males, in the experimental group, perceived the communicative act of apology.
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Refine your editions:
Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 18 1 , Lakoff, R. Nine ways of looking at apologies: The Necessity for interdisciplinary theory and method in discourse analysis. The Handbook of Discourse Analysis, 18 2 , Littlewood, W. Communicative language teaching: An introduction.
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Can Pragmatic Competence be Taught?
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